The wide distribution of the standard text and its UNDISPUTED authority can also be deduced from the reports on the battle of Siffin (AH 37), 27 years after the death of the Prophet, and 5 years after Uthman’s copies were distributed: Mu’awiyah’s troops fixed sheets from Qur’an on their spears to interupt the battle. However nobody accused anyone else of using a ‘partisan’ version of the text, which would have made a splendid accusation against the enemy.

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